Worldwide Identity, Authentication and Signature

Local information

Basics

The diverging vocabularies, for example between EU and US, introduce a lack of clarity. Most EU Member States have some form of identity card, and many countries are introducing electronic identity cards. Other countries opt for identity based on documents such as the driving license.

Europe talks about Electronic Signatures (ES), Advanced Electronic Signatures (AES), and Qualified Electronic Signatures (QES). The objective is to give legal effect to non-traditional signatures, if a number of conditions are met. The sought legal effect is the equivalence with the traditional ('wet') signature, and most European Civil Codes have been updated to reflect this.

The US Federal ESIGN Act of 2000 defines electronic signatures broadly. In the US, the term 'digital signature' is mostly used to refer to PKI (Public Key Infrastructure) signatures.

ICAO

Other initiatives

Public sector

Private sector

Global legislation

Europe

Travellers that want to enter the Schengen zone enter according to the Schengen Border Code (SBC).

DG HOME and related

US and Canada

US GOV - DHS

US GOV supported - OIX

US GOV NSTIC/IDESG

US other

Middle East and Africa

Asia and Pacific

Japan

Japanese Laws and Regulations

The accreditation entity of e-Signature Act is Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communication, Ministry of Justice and Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. These ministries certify a Specified Certification Business (SCB) and Designated Investigative Organization (DIO), which audits (the language of the original author is "investigates") the SCB. The DIO then reports the audit report to the competent ministry, who then receives and makes a decision to or not to accredit the SCB. From ETSI: 'Furthermore, and although not able to compare perfectly, JCAN Trusted Service Registration and ETSI EN 319 403 [i.54] are about the same criterion and therefore can assume a level of equivalence in scope.'
Japanese entities

India

China

Malaysia

Taiwan

Australia

Russia